The Ural Airlines A321, carrying 226 passengers and a crew of seven, and 23 people were injured in the incident.
The plane hit the birds as it took off from Zhukovsky airport en route for Simferopol in Crimea.
The airline said the birds got into both of the plane’s engines, causing a malfunction, and the pilot then made an emergency landing in a cornfield about half a mile from the airport.
Russian health authorities said 23 people, including five children, were taken to hospital.
Ural Airlines lauded the crew for their professionalism in arranging the evacuation.
The company said the captain is a highly experienced pilot who had flown over over 3,000 hours.
Footage from the scene showed the flight commander directing passengers to walk away from the plane across the cornfield.